What’s on the show today?Garlic in the kitchen with Herb and Spice Guru Ian Hemphill, growing raspberries in Vegetable Heroes. Five senses-today’s it’s sound in Design Elements and more floral gossip in the Talking Flowers segment with Mercedes; today it's about flower allergies.
SPICE IT UP
How things change as we grow older and as our taste buds develop.
Most of us would probably say now that apart from sweet dishes, we wouldn’t dream of not using garlic all the time.
Garlic's been around for thousands of years; even found in the Valley of the Kinfs in Egyptian pyramids.
|Grow your own garlic, it's better quality. photo M Cannon|
Allicin is an antibiotic and antifungal that is believed to reduce “bad” cholesterol, as it inhibits enzymes from growing in liver cells.
Yes it's good to use but only buy granulated garlic powder. If you do buy other garlic powder, check that rice flour hasn't been added to it.
If you have any questions about growing or cooking with garlic either for me or for Ian why not email email@example.com or write in to 2RRR P.O. Box 644 Gladesville NSW 1675
VEGETABLE HEROES;( or fruits)
Do you ever find yourself drooling over the plant catalogues that display summer produce that you can buy, just wishing that you could grow raspberries?
The fruit of raspberries are one of the most expensive to buy but we love their fragile flavour and can’t resist them.
If only we could grow enough to make real raspberry jam?
So who can grow them?
Did you know that Raspberries can be found in assorted colours including gold, black and purple, but red raspberries are the most common?
But Aren’t They Cold Climate Plants?
Technically yes, but there are varieties that you can grow in temperate areas.
How To Grow
Before even plant raspberries, you need to put in some sort of support.
I’ve tried teepees but they don’t really work for raspberries.
You can grow a single raspberry cane in a large pot say 40 cm diameter.
Use bamboo canes as supports.
Drive 2.5m long and 75mm diameter posts into the ground to a depth of 75cm at 5m intervals.
Stretch 12 gauge (3.5mm) galvanized wire between the posts at 60cm vertical intervals.
If you’ve planned ahead, you may have already received some bare rooted raspberries in the mail.
Before you plant these, cut the canes down to 20 cm.
If you’re picking a site for the first time, Raspberries grow really well in moisture-retentive, fertile, slightly acidic soils, which are well-drained and weed free.
What Do Raspberry Plants Like?
- They don’t like soggy soils and shallow chalky soils.
- They do like a sunny position (although they will tolerate part shade).
- Raspberry flowers are self-fertile and pollinated by insects, so avoid a very windy site.
- Also, the fruiting side branches of some cultivars are very long and may break in the wind.
Pruning and training
Raspberry varieties fall into two categories: summer and autumn fruiting.
Summer-fruiting (floricane) raspberries - produce flower and fruit on year-old canes (the previous season’s growth)
- Summer Fruiting:
- Cut back fruited canes to ground level after harvesting in summer, without leaving a stub
- Select the strongest young canes, around six to eight per plant, and tie them in 10-15cm apart along the wire supports
- Remove the remaining young stems at ground level
- Loop longer canes over the top wire and tie them in.
- Then, in August, trim the long canes to a bud about 10cm above the top wire.
- Tying the canes up in bundles can make them easier to manage.
- The smaller autumn harvest will be produced on the tips of the primocanes and these can be trimmed to just below the fruit after harvest.
- Autumn Fruiting:
- Probably the easiest raspberries to grow are the ones that only fruit in Autumn.
- Autumn-fruiting raspberries (primocane) – flower and fruit on the current season’s growth
- Cut back all the canes to ground level in August.
- That’s all you need to do with these raspberries, and for beginner raspberry growers, that is by far the best to start with.
- So yes, cut all the canes back to ground level and the new spring canes can be tied up as they grow.
- Reduce the number of canes slightly in summer if they get overcrowded
- During summer also remove any suckers growing away from the rows.
For those that are in warmer climates these varieties are better suited.
- Williamette, Chilliwack Heritage and Chilcotin raspberries will tolerate warmer climates, apparently because they’re primo cane varieties that need lower chilling requirements.
Raspberry – Chilcotin
Heavy cropper, excellent fruit size and quality but can be crumbly at times. Good disease resistance.
Canes need to be thinned during growing season.
Mid Season: summer for 4-5 weeks with a small late autumn crop.
Raspberry – Chilliwack
Excellent fruit size and quality but may be crumbly at times. Used for fresh fruit, jam and cooking. Berries retain gloss and colour when preserved.
Mid season: fruit produced in summer for 4 to 5 weeks followed by a small late autumn crop. Good disease resistance. Canes need thinning during the growing season.
Raspberry – Heritage
Medium red firm berries, good aromatic flavour, excellent quality.
A low chill cultivar. Thorny canes.
Mid season: February for 8 to 12 weeks.
Use for fresh fruit, jam and cooking.
Raspberry – Neika
Delicate soft fruit with a sweet taste.
Early season: harvest November to December.
Large berry easily detached, good flavour,
Hardy with some virus resistance.
Early to mid-season.
Why are they good for you?
Raspberries are a low calorie, low carbohydrate, high fiber fruit that is good for you.
Raspberries are an excellent source of vitamin C, manganese and dietary fibre.
They are a very good source of copper and a good source of vitamin K, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin E, magnesium, folate, and omega-3 fatty acids.
DESIGN ELEMENTSSound in Five Senses Gardeneing
Ever wondered how to add drama to your garden with plants?
It’s easier than you think and won’t necessarily hurt the pocket.
You don’t need fancy whirling mobiles or wind sculptures at all.
Certain plants make sound when the wind whistles through them
Let’s find out about what, why and how.
|Phormium tenax; NZ Flax makes a rustling sound.|
Chris says even the leaves of Gingko tree can make a sound when they fall onto a concrete path if it's been raining.
|Gingko leaves photo M. Cannon|
If you have got room for an oak tree or a swathe of Casuarinas.
Then there’s NZ flax and Nandina.
If you have any questions about five senses gardening or have a suggestion either for me or for Chris why not write in or email me at www.realworldgardener.com
Allergyware.com reports one of the main reasons certain plants and flowers effect people with allergies stems from the plant's gender.
Because the male and female flowers are separated, the males, which contain the pollen, must send the pollen through the air to fertilize the female flowers.
Plants that are dioecious ( different house), that have either all male flowers only or all female flowers only also rely on wind travel to pollinate these flowers.
Allergy sufferers may want to instead look for what is referred to as "perfect flowers," or ones that contain both female and male parts, like the rose.
This is the best option as these flowers don't need to use air travel to pollinate.
However, some people are sensitive to the perfume of flowers, in which case, the roses is a no-no unless it has little perfume.
What to Avoid
- Most plants in Asteraceae family and that includes Daisies, Gerberas, Sunflowers and Dahlias.
- Hybrid Dahlias classed as “formal doubles” have virtually no pollen.
- You can also buy Pollenless Sunflowers
- Baby’s Breath-although double flower varieties have much less pollen
- Love-Lies_bleeding: _Amaranthus caudatus.
- Alternative is Chenille plant ( Acalypha hispidia)
- Jasmine species, try sweet peas instead although it’s an annual.
- Wisteria species-try Clematis instead.
I'm talking with Mercedes Sarmini